Robert James Graves (1796 - 1853):
Robert Graves was born in Dublin and was educated at the Diocesan School of Downpatrick, County Down and Trinity College, Dublin where he took an arts degree in 1815 and a medical degree in 1818. He went on the grand tour of Europe and met Turner the artist. In 1820 he took the licence of the College of Physicians and in 1821 was appointed Physician to Meath Hospital, which became a renowned teaching hospital. With others he helped to found the School of Medicine in Park Street. He introduced to the students the stethoscope and practical diagnosis on real patients. In 1827 he was appointed King's Professor of the Institutes of Medicine in Dublin University. He practised during the famine of 1822 and wrote 'Report on the Fever lately prevalent in Galway'. With Sir Robert Kane he edited the Dublin Journal of Medical and Chemical Science and was the author of several papers. Among these was 'Newly Observed Affection of the Thyroid Gland in Females', the disease, exophthalmic goitre, which became known as 'Graves's disease'. He was the first person to describe peripheral neuritis in a seminal paper which is regarded as a historic contribution to neurology. In 1843 he was elected as President of the College of Physicians, and he was also Fellow of the Royal Society and a member of the Royal Irish Academy. His Studies in Physiology and Medicine was published posthumously.