Charles Gavan Duffy (1816 - 1903):
Journalist and politician
Charles Duffy was born in Monaghan and was educated at local hedge schools. He worked in Dublin and Belfast as a journalist, and though called to the Bar in 1845, he did not practise. He joined the Young Ireland movement, was founder of the Belfast Vindicator in 1839 and co-founder of the Nation, a weekly journal, in 1842, but it was suppressed in 1848 and Duffy was arrested. In 1849 he was released and he revived the Nation, and in 1852 was elected member of parliament for New Ross. His attempts at land reform were thwarted by the House of Lords, and in 1855 he emigrated to Australia. In 1871 he became Prime Minister of Victoria and was knighted in 1873. He returned to Europe and in 1892 was elected President of the Irish Literary Society in London. He established the New Irish Library, and among his publications are a history of the Young Ireland movement, his autobiography, My Life in Two Hemispheres; Four Years of Irish History and Life of Thomas Davis. He died in Nice and is buried in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.
||12 April 1816
||9 February 1903