James Murray (1788 - 1871):
James Murray was born in Culnady, County Londonderry, and was educated in Dublin and Edinburgh, where he took the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He was a member of the College of Surgeons in Dublin. When he settled in Belfast he published a paper on the value of fluid magnesia, and eventually patented his process and started manufacturing it, utilising the waste product as fertiliser. He produced a booklet, Advice to Farmers, and devoted attention to development of fertilisers on a large scale. In 1843 he published Trials and Effects of Chemical Fertilisers with Various Experiments in Agriculture, and subsequently, Heat and Humidity and Medical Effects of Atmospheric Pressure. He was innovative in his exploration of electricity as a cause of illness and in 1849 published Electricity as a Cause of Cholera and Other Epidemics, and the Relation of Galvanism to the Action of Remedies, which was translated into Italian. He became Inspector of Anatomy in Dublin. He was Resident Physician to three Lords Lieutenant and was knighted in 1831. He died in Dublin.
||8 December 1871