Hariot Blackwood (1872 - 1891):
Vicereine of India (dates 1843 - 1936)
Hariot Blackwood, Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava, was the wife of Frederick Blackwood, 1st Marquis of Dufferin and Ava. They lived at Clandeboye, County Down. From 1872 to 1879 she accompanied him when he was made Governor General of Canada, from 1879 to 1871 when he was British Ambassador to Russia and from 1881 to 1883 when he was British Ambassador to Turkey. She subsequently published My Russian and Turkish Journals in 1916. When Frederick Blackwood was appointed Viceroy of India from 1884 to 1888, Hariot again accompanied him. She was interested in photography and the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland has her album, entitled 'My First Efforts in Photography, India 1886'. While she was in India she founded the Countess of Dufferin's Fund in Support of the National Association for Supplying Female Medical Aid to the Women of India. The fund eventually provided Zenana wards and hospitals, such as the Dufferin Maternity Hospital, Agra, and the Dufferin Hospital for Women, Agpur. Money was set aside for the training of Indian nurses and female doctors. Rudyard Kipling dedicated to her a poem, 'The Song of the Women'. When she returned to Ireland she became involved with the Ulster District of the Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association, of which she was president and treasurer. Her journal, Our Viceregal Life in India, was published in 1891.